Due to the melting of ice, the area of land with vegetation increased by 54.3 thousand square kilometers.
Across Greenland, the area of wetlands that are a source of methane emissions has almost quadrupled, according to cumulative data.
The greatest changes were recorded on the outskirts of Kangerlussuaq in the southwest and in some areas in the northeast.
According to scientists, since the 1970s, the "heating" of Greenland has been twice as fast as the global average. The average annual temperature in the country between 2007-2012 was 3 degrees warmer than between 1979-2000.
In addition, there are signs that the increase in vegetation leads to further loss of ice.
The increase in vegetation occurring in tandem with the retreat of glaciers and ice sheet significantly alters the flow of sediment and nutrients into coastal waters. These changes are critical, especially for indigenous populations whose traditional hunting activities depend on the stability of these delicate ecosystems.