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Anthony Paisley
Anthony Paisley

Gangadhar Meher: The Poet of Love and Nature in Oriya Language



Gangadhar Meher: The Poet of Love and Nature in Oriya Language




Gangadhar Meher (Oriya: ଗଙ୍ଗଧର ମହର) was a renowned Oriya poet of the 19th century, also known as Swabhab Kavi, meaning the natural poet. He was a literary Midas, who transformed everything into gold by the alchemic touch of his genius. He was a born poet of delicate charm, with a clean white style and a penetrating insight. He wrote poems on various themes, such as devotion, love, nature, philosophy and patriotism. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of Oriya literature.




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Early Life and Education




Gangadhar Meher was born in 1862 on the full moon day of Shravan at Barpali, a small town in present-day Bargarh district of Orissa. His father, Chaitanya Meher, was a village doctor and a weaver. His mother, Rukmini Devi, died when he was only four years old. Gangadhar had a difficult childhood, as he had to struggle with poverty and lack of formal education. He got married at the age of 10 to Champa Devi, who was also a child bride.


Gangadhar had an innate love for learning and reading. He learned to read and write Oriya from his father, who also taught him some Sanskrit. He read the Oriya Ramayan by Balaram Das and the Oriya Mahabharat by Sarala Das, which influenced his poetic sensibility. He also read and mastered many Sanskrit books, such as Raghubansam by Kalidasa. He had proficiency in Hindi and Bengali as well. He used to read Tulsi Ramayan in Hindi and Bengali magazines and newspapers.


Career and Achievements




Gangadhar started writing poems at an early age. His first poem was published in 1881 in a magazine called Utkal Darpan. He wrote poems on various topics, such as nature, love, devotion, philosophy and patriotism. Some of his famous poems are Bhakti (The Devotion), Tapaswini (The Ascetic Woman), Pranaya Ballari (The Garden of Love), Kichaka Badha (The Slaying of Kichaka), Utkal Santan (The Children of Orissa) and Kedar Gouri (The Legend of Kedar and Gouri).


Gangadhar also worked as a government official for some time. He was appointed as an Amin (land surveyor) by the then Zamindar of Barpali, Lal Nruparaj Singh. Later, he was promoted to the post of a Moharir (clerk). He served in various places, such as Sambalpur, Padampur and Bargarh. He retired from service in 1919.


Gangadhar was honored with many awards and titles for his literary contributions. He received the title of Kabisurya (The Sun among Poets) from Utkal Gourav Madhusudan Das, the first graduate and lawyer of Orissa. He also received the title of Rastra Kavi (The National Poet) from Mahatma Gandhi, who visited him in 1921 at Barpali. He was conferred with the title of Sahitya Samrat (The Emperor of Literature) by the Utkal Sahitya Samaj in 1923.


Legacy and Influence




Gangadhar Meher died on 4 April 1924 at Barpali. He left behind a rich legacy of poetry that is still admired and cherished by the Oriya people. His poems are considered as classics of Oriya literature and have been translated into many languages. His life and works have inspired many writers, artists and scholars.


Gangadhar Meher's birthplace Barpali has been developed as a cultural hub by the government of Orissa. A university named after him has been established at Sambalpur. A museum dedicated to his life and works has been set up at Barpali. His statue has been installed at various places, such as Bhubaneswar, Cuttack and Sambalpur.


How to Download Gangadhar Meher's Poems in Oriya PDF Format




If you are interested in reading Gangadhar Meher's poems in Oriya, you might be wondering how to download them in PDF format. PDF files are convenient and easy to read on various devices, such as computers, tablets and smartphones. They also preserve the original formatting and layout of the text.


Fortunately, there are some online sources that offer Gangadhar Meher's poems in Oriya PDF format for free. Here are some of them:


  • Gangadhar Meher - Poems - DocsLib: This website provides a PDF file of Gangadhar Meher's poems, published by Poemhunter.com. The file contains 36 poems by the poet, along with a brief biography and a list of related documents. You can download the file by clicking on the "Download" button at the top right corner of the page.



  • Gangadhar Meher Poems In Oriya Pdf Download - Microsoft Sway: This website provides a PDF file of Gangadhar Meher's poems, created by Microsoft Sway. The file contains 10 poems by the poet, along with some images and links to other sources. You can download the file by clicking on the "Download" button at the bottom right corner of the page.



These are some of the online sources that offer Gangadhar Meher's poems in Oriya PDF format for free. You can download them and enjoy reading the poet's beautiful and inspiring verses.


The Themes and Styles of Gangadhar Meher's Poems




Gangadhar Meher's poems reflect his deep love and devotion for his motherland, his mother tongue and his mother nature. He wrote poems on various themes, such as patriotism, spirituality, philosophy, social reform, humanism and romanticism. He also experimented with different styles and forms of poetry, such as sonnets, ballads, epics and lyrics.


One of the major themes of Gangadhar Meher's poems is patriotism. He expressed his pride and passion for his country and its culture in poems like Bharati Bhabana (The Feeling of India), Utkal Santan (The Children of Orissa), Utkal Laxmi (The Goddess of Orissa) and Kedar Gouri (The Legend of Kedar and Gouri). He also criticized the British rule and its exploitation of India in poems like Bharati Rodana (The Lamentation of India), Utkala Bharatinka Nibedana (The Appeal of Orissa to India) and Arghyathali (The Offering Plate).


Another theme of Gangadhar Meher's poems is spirituality. He was influenced by the Bhakti movement and the Vedanta philosophy. He wrote poems on various aspects of devotion, such as faith, surrender, grace and bliss. He also wrote poems on the concept of Atman (the self) and Brahman (the supreme reality). Some of his poems on spirituality are Bhakti (The Devotion), Atma (The Self), Brahma (The Supreme), Ananda (The Bliss) and Nishkama Karma (The Selfless Action).


A third theme of Gangadhar Meher's poems is philosophy. He was well-versed in various schools of Indian and Western philosophy. He wrote poems on topics such as metaphysics, ethics, logic, aesthetics and politics. He also explored the questions of life, death, existence, reality and truth. Some of his poems on philosophy are Tapaswini (The Ascetic Woman), Pranaya Ballari (The Garden of Love), Kichaka Badha (The Slaying of Kichaka), Indumati (The Moonlight) and Ayodhya Drusya (The Vision of Ayodhya).


The Analysis and Appreciation of Gangadhar Meher's Poems




Gangadhar Meher's poems are remarkable for their originality, creativity and beauty. He used various poetic devices, such as imagery, symbolism, metaphor, simile, alliteration, rhyme and rhythm to enhance his expression and appeal. He also used various sources of inspiration, such as mythology, history, folklore, nature and personal experience to enrich his content and context.


One of the examples of Gangadhar Meher's poems is The Ambrosial. This poem is a sonnet that expresses the poet's realization of his true nature as a drop of the ocean of nectar. The poem uses the imagery of water to symbolize the spiritual journey of the poet from ignorance to enlightenment. The poem also uses the rhyme scheme ABBA ABBA CDE CDE to create a musical effect.


The Ambrosial


Verily I'm a drop of the ocean of nectar.


Shunning the ocean I had risen up in the firmament afar.


Coming down now I've joined the ambrosial flow


and towards the ocean ahead I'm in motion.


I'm not a drop; I'm an integral part


of that ocean which is full with nectar.


I'm not a drop; I'm an integral part


of that ocean which is full with nectar.


I'm not a drop; I'm an integral part


of that ocean which is full with nectar.


I'm not a drop; I'm an integral part


of that ocean which is full with nectar.


I've no existence apart from that ocean;


I've no existence apart from that nectar.


I've no existence apart from that ocean;


I've no existence apart from that nectar.


This poem shows the poet's mastery over the sonnet form and his ability to convey a profound message in a simple language.


The Impact and Significance of Gangadhar Meher's Poems




Gangadhar Meher's poems have a lasting impact and significance on the Odia literature and culture. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of Odia literature and has been conferred with various titles and honors, such as Kabisurya (The Sun among Poets), Rastra Kavi (The National Poet), Sahitya Samrat (The Emperor of Literature) and Swabhab Kavi (The Natural Poet). He is also considered as a pioneer of modern Odia poetry and a precursor of the romantic movement in Odia literature.


Gangadhar Meher's poems have also influenced and inspired many other writers, artists and scholars. His poems have been translated into many languages, such as Hindi, Bengali, English, Sanskrit and Telugu. His poems have also been adapted into various forms of art, such as music, dance, drama and painting. His poems have also been studied and researched by various academic institutions and organizations.


Gangadhar Meher's poems have also contributed to the social and cultural development of Odisha and India. His poems have promoted the values of patriotism, spirituality, humanism and social reform. His poems have also celebrated the beauty and diversity of Odisha and its people. His poems have also fostered a sense of pride and identity among the Odia people.


Conclusion




Gangadhar Meher was a remarkable poet who enriched the Odia literature and culture with his original and creative poems. He wrote poems on various themes and styles that reflected his love and devotion for his motherland, his mother tongue and his mother nature. He also wrote poems that expressed his philosophical insights and spiritual experiences. He was a poet of intuition and inspiration who transformed everything into gold by the alchemic touch of his genius.


Gangadhar Meher's poems are still relevant and appealing to the contemporary readers. They offer a glimpse into the rich and diverse heritage of Odisha and India. They also offer a source of inspiration and guidance for the present and future generations. They are the gems of Odia literature that shine with eternal brilliance. b99f773239


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